Cyber security can be termed as a state or process of protecting, recovering networks along with the devices and programs from any kind of cyberattack. Cyberattacks are the evolving danger to organizations, employees, and consumers. They are designed to access or destroy sensitive data or extort money. They can also destroy businesses along with people’s financial and personal lives.
What’s the best defense in this case? Cyber security is the answer! A strong cyber security system has multiple layers of protection spread across the computers, networks, and programs. But a strong cyber security system in comparison does not relies only on cyber defense technology, but it also considers making smart cyber defense choices.
Want to hear good news? Well, you don’t need to be a cyber security specialist to understand and practice the cyber defense tactics. This guide can help you in all this functioning. Here, you will learn more about cyber security and how you can protect yourself against the cyber threats. This will help you recognize and avoid threats before they’re get entered in your network or device.
What is cybersecurity?
A successful cybersecurity approach has multiple layers of protection spread across the computers, networks, programs, or data that a person is trying to keep safe. In an organization, the people, processes, and technology must all complement each other to create an effective defense from cyber-attacks.
Users must understand and implement basic data security principles like choosing strong passwords, being aware of attachments in email, and backing up data.
Organizations should have a framework for how to deal with both attempted and successful cyber-attacks. One well-respected framework can guide you. It helps you to explain how you can identify attacks, protect systems, detect and respond to threats, and recover from successful attacks. For understanding the cybersecurity, you can watch video for better understanding.
Technology is vital to give organizations and individuals the computer security tools they needed to protect themselves from cyber-attacks. The three main entities must be protected:
- Endpoint devices like computers.
- Smart devices and routers.
- Networks and the cloud.
Common technology used to protect these elements include next-generation firewalls, DNS filtering, antivirus software, malware protection, and email security solutions.
Types of Cyber Threats
There are many types of cyberthreats that hit your devices and networks. All that threats falls into three categories that are as follows:
Attacks on confidentiality: These attacks include stealing your personal identifying information, your bank account, and credit card information. Many attackers take your information and sell it on the dark web for others to purchase it and use it.
Attacks on integrity: These attacks consist of personal or enterprise sabotage, and often termed as leaks. A cybercriminal will access and release sensitive information for the purpose of exposing the data and influencing the public to lose trust in the targeted organization.
Attacks on availability: The aim of this type of cyberattack is to prevent users from accessing their own data until they pay a fee or ransom. Typically, a cybercriminal will enter your network, will block you from accessing important data, and will demand you to pay a ransom. Companies sometimes pay the ransom and fix the cyber vulnerability afterward to avoid halting business activities.
Following are the few types of cyber threats that fall into the three categories listed above:
Social engineering: It is a type of attack on confidentiality. It is the process of psychologically manipulating people into performing actions or giving away their information. Phishing attacks are the common form of social engineering. Phishing attacks usually come in a form of a deceptive email that say user to give away their personal information.
APTs (Advanced Persistent Threats): It is a type of attack on integrity. In this attack, an unauthorized user infiltrates a network undetected and stays in the network for a long time. The purpose of an APT is to steal data and without causing harm to the network. APTs happen in sectors with high-value information, such as finance industry, national defense, and manufacturing.
Malware, or malicious software: It is a type of attack on availability. It refers to software’s that are designed to gain access or damage a computer without the knowledge of the owner. Several common types of malware include keyloggers, spyware, true viruses, and worms.
Protection Cyber Security Attacks
To protect yourself against the cyberattacks, you should follow the below listed steps:
- Use trusted websites when providing your personal information. A good rule of thumb to check the authenticity is to check the URL. If the site includes “https://,” then it’s a secure site. If the URL includes “http://,” — note the missing “s” — it is recommended to avoid entering sensitive information like your credit card data or Social Security number.
- Try to avoid opening email attachments or click links in emails from unknown sources. One of the most common ways through which people are attacked is via emails disguised as being sent by someone you trust.
- Keep your devices updated. Software updates comes with important patches to fix security issues. Cyber attackers thrive on outdated devices because they are not having the most current security software.
- It is good to back up your files regularly to prevent cyber security attacks. If you need to keep your data protected from cyberattack, then by doing so you can store your files in a safe and separate place.
Cyber security is constantly evolving, which make it difficult to stay updated. You can protect yourself and business by staying informed and being cautious online. Dos hare your thoughts on this blog and share your feedback below in the comments section.