Technology has no boundaries. Every day we see a new addition in this field and every addition is having some merits and demerits. Today, here we will be discussing the about the connectivity that is going to the next level. You
are currently using 3G or 4G internet connectivity in most of the country but now experimentation on the 5G technology has begun and soon in 2019 to 2020 you will be able to get the blazing speed of 5G.

What is 5G?

5G will slowly reach to every corner of the world. But many companies are investing and preparing to get this new wireless mobile standard. In addition to this, the trial of 5G networks has begun to set up in different corners of the
world.What is 5G? Things You Need to Know 1

Ahead in the blog, we will be discovering its working and its impact on future wireless systems. In this 5G stands for the fifth generation of the next wireless mobile standard. 5G white paper, “5G is a connection that is based on user experience, enhanced services, enhanced system performance, business models, management and operations”.

Moving ahead do you know? The 5G New Radio (NR) specification was released by standards body 3GPP in 2017 and chips have already been built under the tag of `5G-ready`.

Furthermore, according to the Groupe Special Mobile Association (GSMA) to qualify for a 5G a connection you should be meeting the following eight criteria:

1-One to 10Gbps connections in the field
2-One millisecond end-to-end round-trip delay
3-1000x bandwidth per unit area
4-10 to 100x number of connected devices
5-(Perception of) 99.999 percent availability
6-(Perception of) 100 percent coverage
7-90 percent reduction in network energy usage
8-It gives a ten-year battery life for low power, machine-type devices

If we look into the past, previous generations like 3G were breakthrough in communications. Using 3G you were able to receive a signal from the nearest phone tower and it is used for phone calls, messaging and data.

Moving ahead, 4G work same as the 3G but it comes with a faster internet connection and a lower latency. Latency can be defined as the time between cause and effect. If we compare both 4G is supposed to be at least five times faster as compared to 3G services. Theoretically, it can provide download speeds up to 100Mbps.

According to a statement by Hubert Da Costa, Vice president, EMEA at 5G routers business Cradlepoint said: He said, “5G Wi-Fi connections are set to be about three times faster than 4G, starting with 450Mbps in single-stream, 900 Mbps (dual- stream) and 1.3G bps (three-stream). Along these lines, while we are as of now observing an enormous development in IoT and savvy gadgets, 5G’ speed and limit will empower a considerably increasingly fast entry of this connected future.”

Merits of 5G

Now, here we will be discussing the advantages of 5G. As compared to the previous generations, 5G will be significantly faster as compared to the predecessor 4G. The use of 5G technology enables you for higher productivity across all capable devices with a theoretical download speed up to 10,000 Mbps.

According to the Senior Director, SP Marketing EMEA at Juniper Networks. He said “Current 4G mobile standards have the potential to provide 100s of Mbps. ‘Gigabit Smartphone’ and ideally a large number of imaginative administrations and applications that really need the kind of network that no one but 5G can offer,” says Paul Gainham, ranking executive, SP Marketing EMEA at Juniper Networks.

Furthermore, with a greater bandwidth you get a faster download speeds and you will be able to run the complex mobile internet apps.

Demerits of 5G

To be honest, there is no hidden secret that 5G will cost more to implement and as the newest smartphone will have the 5G connectivity to the phone who are not possessing it will seem like outdated.

A reliable, wireless internet connection strength depends on the number of devices connected to one channel. With the presence of 5G in the wireless spectrum, this might increase the risk of overcrowding the frequency range. The problems with 4G and the 3G are not making us the desire for the hope of an immediate super-fast connection. You might be aware of the fact the still, some areas of in your country might not have the access to 4G the connection so when 5G starts to rollout it can be very patchy.

5G- Future Ahead

5G is still in development, it cannot be used by anyone. However, many companies have started the creation of 5G products and field testing them. If we talk about the Notable advancements in 5G technologies. It has come from Nokia, Qualcomm, Samsung, Ericsson, and BT. Currently, there is an increase in numbers of companies forming 5G partnerships and spending money to continue research into 5G and along with its application.

If we look into a greater picture, Qualcomm and Samsung have focused their 5G efforts on hardware. Qualcomm is creating a 5G modem and Samsung is producing a 5G enabled home router. On the other hand, Nokia and Ericson have created 5G platforms focused on mobile carriers rather than consumers. We will be glad to hear that Ericsson created the first 5G platform earlier this year. They claim to provide the first 5G radio system. Ericsson has done 5G testing in 2015.

Current Companies Investing in 5G?

In early 2017, Nokia launched 5G First, a platform is planning to provide 5G end-to-end support for mobile carriers. If we look at the example of the London city. The City of London turned on their district-wide public Wi-Fi network on October 2017. The system consists of 400 small cell transmitters. Keeping all this in view the city is planning to run 5G trials on it. In addition, the Government is also ready to invest a £16 million to create a 5G hub.

Considering the example of London, Newport in Wales is ready to house a technology hub to give support to robotics, 5G and driverless cars. The hub was given £38 million to make compound semiconductors to drive this technology.

Furthermore, Ericsson partnership with BT, Verizon and Kings College London to build the world’s first 5G drone trial in the February 2018. This was initiated from the US by Verizon and testing was done in London using a 5G network slice in BT’s network.

As said earlier, many of the companies have started testing 5G rollout, with EE claiming. It will begin to roll in 2019 and Vodafone will be offering 5G services from early 2020. Vodafone completed their first 5G test with a 3.4GHz spectrum in April 2018.

If we talk about the chipmakers Intel and Qualcomm. They are coming head to head to enter the 5G market. Intel is claiming that it will deliver 5G– powered laptops whereas Qualcomm is planning to deliver 5G-enabled Snapdragon X50 devices, both companies are planning to achieve their goal in 2019

This was a brief about the 5G technology. Hope that now you will be aware of the technology and its benefits. To adopt this technology every company is making effort and investing.